Patient surgical site preparation is one of the most important skills that operating room veterinary technicians perform in regard to patient care. The goal of surgical site preparation is to reduce infection risk by decreasing the number of normal skin flora present and inhibiting the rapid regrowth of microorganisms.1 Currently, surgical site preparation protocols are not standardized,2 so veterinary team members should adhere to their practices’ accepted procedures when preparing patients for surgery. 

While more studies are needed in veterinary medicine to establish protocol standardization and efficacy, following are the basic details for each step of the surgical site preparation process:

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